To create headings in HTML, use the
<h1>Heading 1</h1> <h2>Heading 2</h2> <h3>Heading 3</h3> <h4>Heading 4</h4> <h5>Heading 5</h5> <h6>Heading 6</h6>
To see what these elements looks like in the browser, view the Demo section below.
Heading elements allow you to create titles for the various sections on your web page and help give your web page structure.
By default, the
h1 element is rendered as the largest heading, and
h6 is rendered as the smallest heading (you can change their size using CSS, however).
Generally speaking, you only want one
h1 element per page.
Things to avoid
Don’t use the heading elements based on their size or the way they look.
When you start using heading elements, start with an
h1 tag. Don’t skip to the
h2 tag or any of the lower heading tags. In other words, avoid this:
<body> <h2>Main Title</h2> </body>
Similarly, don’t use the heading tags out of order. Avoid this:
<body> <h6>Main Title</h6> <h3>Subheading 1</h3> <p>Sample paragraph.</p> <h2>Subheading 2</h2> <h6>Section title</h6> <p>Section paragraph.</p> <h4>Subheading 3</h4> <p>Sample paragraph.</p> </body>
Instead, do this:
<body> <h1>Main Title</h1> <h2>Subheading 1</h2> <p>Sample paragraph.</p> <h2>Subheading 2</h2> <p>Sample paragraph.</p> <h3>Section title</h3> <p>Section paragraph.</p> <h2>Subheading 3</h2> <p>Sample paragraph.</p> </body>
When used properly, the headings essentially form an outline of the document, which is especially useful for people using screen reader software. The example above forms the following outline:
- Main Title
- Subheading 1
- Subheading 2
- Section title
- Subheading 3
Using your text editor or CodePen, try creating your own heading elements. Experiment with using the different levels of headings and experiment with content of varying lengths.
The Heading elements on MDN